The discourse of legal rights is predicated on the ideal of sovereign, rational beings being [sic] afforded protections and opportunities equal to that of others; it applies an abstract principle to a population of abstracted and selfsame individuals. The discourse of animal rights, however, rejects this notion of an abstract or universal subject that underwrites the humanism that itself legitimates the discourse of rights. In other words, animal rights attempts to mobilize a humanist conceit toward posthumanist ends, disregarding the fact that by calling into question the discourse of humanism they also call into question the discourse of species that explains why certain beings deserve protection to begin with. (xii)
From Lavin, Chad. Eating Anxiety: The Perils of Food Politics. Minneapolis, MN: U Minnesota P, 2013. Print.
Unlike nearly all other economists, Marx does not simply assume complete commodification as a given. For example, he lets us see the complete commodification of land as s historical process in which lands held in common are gradually taken over and enclosed by a powerful landlord class — often resulting in brutal expulsions of the commoners. By reminding us of this history, Marx also demonstrates the close connection between the commodification of land and the commodification of labour-power, for once peasants are denied access to the commons, they tend to increasingly have only their labour-power to sell to capital for a wage. Instead of simply assuming complete commodification of the land as some sort of magical fait accompli, or assuming a fully formed labour market, Marx sees them accurately as the result of a brutally violent and exclusionary historical process. (21)
From: Albritton, Robert. Let Them Eat Junk: How Capitalism Creates Hunger and Obesity. London: Pluto Press, 2009. Print.
A 1670 revision of the criminal code found yet another use for salt in France. To enforce the law against suicide, it was ordered that the bodies of people who took their own lives be salted, brought before a judge, and sentenced to public display. Nor could the accused escape their day in court by dying in the often miserable conditions of the prisons. They too would be salted and put on trial. (227-228)
From: Kurlansky, Mark. Salt: a World History. New York: Penguin, 2002. Print.